COMMON ERRORS IN ENGLISH.
‘I’ comes last, when ‘you’ and ‘he’ are mentioned in the same sentences , but in admitting a fault, ‘I’ comes first.
‘Which’ conveys additional information, somewhat new, and ‘that’ merely explains and defines a certain thing or statement.
The vernacular idiom is responsible for the mistakes in sentences such as; She enjoyed during her holidays.
A pronoun used as subject should not be separated from its verb if possible.
‘Each’, ‘Every’, ‘none’, ‘person’, ‘much’, are singular words, ‘many’, ‘all’, ‘some’,’people’ are plurals.
‘Either’ is used for two things, ‘any’ is used for more than two.
The relative pronoun should be placed as near as possible to its antecedent, so that no ambiguity may rise.
When two or more singular nouns are joined by either… or neither… nor , the pronouns are generally used in the singular.
When two singular nouns by ‘and’ are preceded by ‘each’ or ‘every’ , the pronoun used for them is in the singular.
If a plural and a singular noun are joined by either… or, neither…. nor…, the pronoun and verb should be in the plural.
When pronouns of different persons are joined by ‘and’ and as used as the subject of a sentence , the verb is used in a plural.
When there are pronouns of different persons, second person should come first, third person next and first person last,unless used in a pejorative sense when the order is reversed.
pronoun like ‘his’, ‘her’, are used for ‘each’ and ‘everyone’ according to reference.
When the gender (masculine or feminine ) is not expressed he is used.
The relative pronoun is sometimes omitted in the objective case.
The antecedent of relative pronoun is sometimes omitted.
A relative pronoun should agree with its antecedent in number and person.
Generally ‘whose’ is used for denoting persons, and ‘which’ for denoting lifeless objects.
Sometimes the pronoun ‘it’ is omitted , where it is needed.
‘Who’ denotes subject and ‘whom’ stand for object.
The object of a verb or a preposition, when it is a pronoun, should be in the objective form.
When such verbs as ‘avail’, ‘absent’, ‘ enjoy’, ‘apply’, ‘resign’, ‘acquit’, ‘drink’, over-reach’, ‘expert’, ‘oversleep’, ‘revenge’, ‘set’, ‘distinguish’ are used reflexively, never omit the reflexive pronoun.
They complement of the verb ‘to be’ ,when it is expressed by a pronoun, should be in the nominative form.
A pronoun which is governed by a preposition must be in the objective case. Hence ‘whom’.
A pronoun should not be omitted when it takes the place of a noun in the objective case after a transitive verb.
a noun or pronoun in the possessive case should not be used as the antecedent to a relative pronoun.
When a pronoun follows ‘that’ the case of such a pronoun is to be determined from the content.
Either use ‘both’ or ‘as well as’.
1.let Hina and I go. (Incorrect)
let Hina and me go. (correct)
2. It was me who picked up your last night night. (Incorrect)
It was I who picked up your last night night. (correct)
3.I will take your leave after two hours.(Incorrect)
I will take leave of you after two hours.(correct)
3.You played better than me. (incorrect)
You played better than I. (incorrect)
4. Both did not take part in the discussions. (Incorrect)
Neither took part in the discussions. (correct)
5. Our’s is small company. (Incorrect)
Ours is small company. (correct)
6. None of them were here. (Incorrect)
None of them was here. (Correct)
7. That is my book; please pass. (Incorrect)
That is my book; please pass it. (correct)
8. I and she are friends. (Incorrect)
She and I are friends. (correct)
9. I asked the boss for a raise in pay but he did not give me. (Incorrect)
I asked the boss for a raise in pay but he did not give it to me. (correct)
10. The man who comes here first he will get the job. (Incorrect)
The man who comes here first will get the job. (correct)
11.They enjoyed during holidays. (Incorrect)
They enjoyed themselves during holidays. (correct)
12. Any of these two girls will be sent for training. (Incorrect)
Either of these girls will be sent for training. (correct)
13. I saw every woman and every girl raise their hands. (incorrect)
I saw every woman and every girl raise her hands. (correct)
14. The principal found each master and each boy in their rooms. (Incorrect)
The principal found each master and each boy in his room. (Correct)
15. There is no choice between you and she. (Incorrect)
There is no choice between you and her. (correct)
16 My car is more expensive than my friend’s. (incorrect)
My car is more expensive than that of my friend. (correct)
17. I, you and she are expected to attend the seminar (Incorrect)
You, she and I are expected to attend the seminar (correct)
18. If I were him , I would have resigned. (Incorrect)
If I were he , I would have resigned. (correct)
19. Sara and sana love one another. (Incorrect)
Sara and sana love each another. (correct)
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