Basic Social Studies Solved Questions and Answer (Part 2)
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41. When was the Zakat system introduced in Pakistan?
Ans. The Zakat System was introduced in the country through the Zakat and Ushr Ordinance on June 20, 1980. According to this ordinance, Zakat fund would be established to collect these sorts of gifts and it was compulsory for every Sahib-e-Nisab Muslim whether male of female to pay Zakat by deducting it from his or her account in the bank.
42. Name the four casts of Hindu Society.
Ans. The Hindu society was divided into the following four casts:
(i) Brahman (ii) Khatri (iii) Vaish (iv) Shooder
43. Which caste is respected the most in the Hindu society?
Ans. The Brahmans are considered the most superior in the Hindu society.
44. What are the works given to the Khartis?
Ans. The occupation of Khatris was to fight and defend the country.
45. What is the occupation of Vaish?
Ans. The people of the Vaish caste are farmers, traders, industrialists and artisans.
46. What was the occupation of Shooder?
Ans. The people of Shooder caste were considered the lowest of other castes. They had to serve the other castes, i.e. they were slaved.
47. How did Urdu language came into being?
Ans. The Mughal army consisted of people belonging to different communities of India and speaking different langauges. By intermingling of these people, a new language by the nameof Urdu came into existance.
48. Name the Sufis who worked for the spread of Islam in South Asia.
Ans. The sufis and saints who worked for the spreading of Islam in South Asia are:
(i) Hazrat Data Ganj Baksh (ii) Khawaja Moinuddin Chisti (iii) Hazrat Mujaddid Alf Sani
(iv) Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalander (v) Hazrat Bahauddin Zakaria
49. What do you mean by “Ideology of Pakistan.”
Ans. Pakistan came into existence of the basis of one ideology and this ideology refers that Islam is the religion of all the Muslims and this Islamic ideology is the Idology of Pakistan.
50. Which province did not have any constitution during the British rule?
Ans. The British had made North West Frontier Province as “Non-Constitutional Land.”
51. Why did the Muslims not accept the Nehru Report?
Ans. In the Nehru Report, the Hindus did no respect the rights and interesets of Muslims and not fulfilled the promises made by them. Therefore, the Muslims did not accept the Nehru Report.
52. Why did Quaid-e-Azam presented his fourteen points?
Ans. Quaid-e-Azam presented his fourteen points in reply to the Nehru Report.
53. Why did the round table conference failed?
Ans. The Round Table Conference failed due to the narrow-mindedness and negative attitute of the Hindus.
54. Write the name of some Muslim Leaders who worked during the Pakistan Movements.
Ans. (i) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan (ii) Nawab Salim Ullah (iii) Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk
(iv) Nawab Waqar-ul-Mulk (v) Sir Agha Khan (vi) Allama Iqbal
55. During the World War II, what promise did the British Government made towards the people of sub-continent?
Ans. The British Government promised the people of sub-continent that India will be partitioned after the end of the Second World War.
56. How many resolutions did the U.N. passed regarding Kashmir Problem?
Ans. The Security Council of United Nations passed two resolutions on 17th August, 1948 and 5th January, 1949.
57. What did Quaid-e-Azam said about Radcliff Commission?
Ans. The Quaid-e-Azam remarked about Radcliff Commisssion or Radcliff Award:
“The award was a parting kick of the British Government.”
58. What was the percentage of Muslims in Jammu and Kashmir according to the census of 1941?
Ans. According to the census of 1941, the Muslim population in Kashmir was 96% and in Jammu, it was 70%
59. What do you known about Muhammad Ali Bogra Formula?
Ans. In the period of third Prime Minister, Mr. Muhammad Ali Bogra, great efforts were made for the preparation of the constitution. In the light of the recommendations of the committee he was able to prepare a draft bill of the constitution which is known as “Muhammad Ali Bogra’s Formula.” In this formula, it was suggested to give equal representation to East and West Pakistan.
60. How long did the 1956 constitution last?
Ans. The constitution of 1956 lasted for only two and a half years. On 7th October, 1958, the army took over the government.
61. According to the constitution of 1962, name the council that was established to point out the non-Islamic things.
Ans. The council which was established to point out the non-Islamic things is known as “Islamic Ideology Council.”
62. How long did the constitution of 1962 last?
Ans. This constitution lasted for 7 years. On 25th March, 1969, Ayub Khan resigned and gave teh power to the army. General Yahya Khan dismissed the 1962 constitution and enforceed Martial Law in the country.
63. When were the Shariat Courts formed and where is its head office?
Ans. Shariat Courts were established in 1979 and its head office is at Islamabad.
64. When was the interest-free banking system introduced in the country?
Ans. On 1st January, 1981, an interest-free banking system was introduced in the country. According to this system, the account holder was made a partner with the bak in its profit or loss by shring it according to his investment in the bank.
65. Under what circumstances did General Zia-ul-Haq took control of power on 5th July 1977?
Ans. The elections held in the country were not fair. The people started the Nizam-e-Mustafa Movement. The government held discussion but no results were obtained. As a result, the army on 5th July 1977 took control of the power.
66. Give the location of Pakistan.
Ans. Pakistan is geographically located between 23.45 to 36.45 North Latitude and about 61 to 75.5 East longitude in South Asia. The country is surrounded by Bharat in East, Afghanistan in the North West, Iran in the West and the Arabian Sea in the South.
67. How much is the area of Pakistan.
Ans. The total area of Pakistan is 796096 square kilometers.
68. What does the word “Doab” mean?
Ans. The land or space between two rivers is known as “Doab.”
69. Give a brief account of the seasons in Pakistan.
Ans. There are four seasons in Pakistan.
(i) Summer – From May till September (ii) Winter – From November till February
(iii) Spring – The season of March and April (iv) Autumn – Spetember and October
70. Write down the names of some important departments of Governmetn of Pakistan.
Ans. The important departments of Government of Pakistan are as follows:
(i) Foreign Office (ii) Defence Department (iii) Interior Ministry
(iv) Finance Department (v) Education Department (vi) Health Department
(vii) Communication Department
71. How does the Government control the affairs of F.A.T.A. (Federally Administered Tribal Areas) ?
Ans. The Federa Government through its appointed agent keeps in touch with the leaders of tribal areas and controls the system of these areas. The shol are comes under the control of Jirga. This Jirga is a council comprising of the religious and experienced people of these tribes.
72. What do you mean by culture?
Ans. Culture is the history of the society and reflects its social past. Culture means behaviour peculiar to its human beings. Culture consists of languages, literature, ideas, beliefs, customs, habits, codes, dress, diet, art, moral, institution, laws, etc.
73. From which areas did civilized life begin?
Ans. Human civilization started from those areas where water, air and other geographicsl conditions were in much condition for life. Therefore, fertile valley of rivers include Dajla Dafrat (Iraq), Valley of Nite (Egypt) and Indus Valley (Pakistan). The evolution of population started from these areas and civilised life began.
74. The land of Pakistan is famous of which civilizations?
Ans. The land of Pakistan is proud to have the birth fo the historical civilization of the valley of Indus. This civilization was at its peak about four or five thousand years ago.
75. Which land do you mean by Indus Valley?
Ans. Indus Valley means those areas which are situated near the River Indus and it’s neighbouring Rivers. It’s present name is Pakistan.
76. What do you mean by Gandhara Art?
Ans. The areas of Pubjab and N.W.F.P. which at present situated near Rawalpindi and Peshawar were in the old days given the name of Gandhara Civilization. About two and half thousand years ago, this civilization was at its peak whose art and culture especially art of painting and stone carving are famous.
77. Write down the names of certain important buildings of Muslim Era.
Ans. (i) The Fort of Agra
(ii) Taj Mahal, Agra
(iii) Shahi Qila, Dehli
(iv) The Tomb of Jehangir, Lahore
(v) Badshahi Mosjid, Lahore
(vi) Masjid Wazir Khan, Lahore
(vii) Jamai Masjid, Thatta
78. What do you mean by imperialist system?
Ans. The Britishers brought an imperialist system. The imperialist system means that local cultural and social agencies should be so bound by a political structure that they loose ther identification.
79. When did the Muslims invade South Asia?
Ans. Muslims invaded South Asia in 712 A.D. when Muhammad Bin Qasim defeated the army of Raja Dahir and established an Islamic Welfare State.
80. Which artists did Humayun brought back from Iran?
Ans. Humayan brought back two artist Mir Syed Ali Tabrezi and Khawaja Abdul Samad from Iran.
81. Which type of painting flourished during the era of Jehangir?
Ans. Jehangir had great interest in the art of painting. He claimed that he can identify a painter by seeing his paintings. In this era, this art was at its peak. Beautiful pictures of flowers. plants, animals, birds and natural scenes were made. The pictures of war fighting are magnificient examples of realistic art.
82. Who was the first musician of the Muslim era?
Ans. Amir Khusro was the first musician of the Muslim era. He invented many rags in music.
83. What message did the Allama Iqbal gave to the Muslims of the sub-continent?
Ans. Allama Iqbal gave the message to the Muslims of India that they should develop the feeling of Islamic brotherhood and Jihad so that they could become independent.
84. What did Quaid-e-Azam said about the objective for the creation for Pakistan?
Ans. Quaid-e-Azam described the main objective of the creation of Pakistan in the following words:
” We have not demanded Pakistan only to get a piece of land, but our aim was to get a laboratory where we could practise the principles of Islam.”
85. Pakistani culture is a mixed culture. Comment.
Ans. Pakistani culture is a mixed culture. There is still some impact of foreign traditions in our society. We have adopted Western Music and their style of living. Although majority of the people are Muslims, there is a mixed culture of Hindus, Britishers and Muslims.
86. The basis of Pakistani culture is on Islam. Comment.
Ans. Pakistan was established so that the Muslims could lead their lives according to the teachings and principles of Islam. Pakistani culture is predominantly an Islamic culture. Pakistan inspite of the differences of religion, language and customs commonly follow the religion of Islam.
87. What are the Pakistani arts?
Ans. Pakistani are include the following:
(i) Stone Carving
(ii) Carpet Making
88. Write down the salient features of the foreign policy of Pakistan.
Ans. The following are fundamental principles of Pakistan’s foreign policy.
(i) Protection of freedom and sovereignity.
(ii) Close relations with Muslim countries.
(iii) Keeping away from big power politics.
(iv) Support for self-determination
(v) Implementation of United Nations Charter
(vi) Promotion of peace and friendship
89. Pakistan is the member of how many international organisations?
Ans. Pakistan is the active member of the following internation organisations:
(i) United Nations Organisation (U.N.O.)
(ii) Non-Aligned Movement (N.A.M.)
(iii) Organization of Islamic Conference (O.I.C.)
(iv) Economic Cooperation Organization (E.C.O.)
90. When was the foundation of United Nations laid?
Ans. The foundation of United Nations (U.N.O.) was laid on 24th October, 1945.
91. Name the organs of U.N.O.
Ans. The organs of U.N.O. are:
(i) General Assembly
(ii) Security Council
(iii) Economic and Social Council
(iv) Trustee-Ship Council
(vi) Internationl Court of Justice
92. What is the objective of Non-Aligned Movement?
Ans. The main objective of Non-Aligned Movement was not to join any of the big powers and to keep away from big power politics.
93. When was the foundation of R.C.D. laid?
Ans. In July 1964, Iran, Pakistan and Turky with mutual understanding laid the foundation of R.C.D. (Regional Cooperation of Development). Now, its new name is Economic Cooperation Organization (E.C.O.).
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